Well you guessed it right, the “global” command (or :g in command mode) will let you select lines that match a particular pattern globally in the file and lets you operate on the selected text. The :v operates similar to grep -v which selects all texts which do not match the pattern.Syntax:
:g/pattern/commandwhere pattern is any regular expression, command is any vim command Here’s the scenario which taught me the global command:
I have a file with \~29K lines. All lines must begin with “". However somelines are broken into two, in which case the lines which do not start with “" need to be appended to the previous
\zShould be converted to:
\x\y\zAnd we solved it this way:
All we did was to execute a backspace(C-H) for all occurences of
pattern in normal mode
Let’s end the post with a theorem:
:v/^\\/exe "normal i\<C-H>\<ESC>"
Statement:VI is perfect
Proof: VI in roman numerals is 6. The natural numbers less than 6 which
divide 6 are 1, 2, and 3. 1 + 2 + 3 = 6. So 6 is a perfect number. Therefore, vi
— Arthur TateishiAnd a corollary
VIM in roman numerals might be: (1000 - (5 + 1)) = 994, which happens to be
equal to 2*496+2. 496 is divisible by 1, 2, 4, 8, 16, 31, 62, 124, and 248 and
1+2+4+8+16+31+62+124+248 = 496. So, 496 is a perfect number. Therefore, vim is
twice as perfect as vi, plus a couple extra bits of goodies. :-)That is, vim is better than perfect.
— Nathan T. OelgerHave an awesome 2009!